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Science:打哈欠暗示女人比男人更善解人意

摘要 : 饭桌上,一个人向后靠,伸展,张开嘴打了一个大哈欠,很快其他人也跟着做。比起在陌生人之间,这种“哈欠接力”更可能发生于亲戚之间,而科学家们认为这是共情的标志。

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饭桌上,一个人向后靠,伸展,张开嘴打了一个大哈欠,很快其他人也跟着做。比起在陌生人之间,这种“哈欠接力”更可能发生于亲戚之间,而科学家们认为这是共情的标志。此外,像黑猩猩和倭黑猩猩这样的社交型灵长类动物也有这样的行为特征。一项新的研究表明,女性(传统上被认为更善解人意的性别)可能比起男性更容易受到“哈欠接力”的影响。研究人员暗中分析了现实生活中飞机上、火车上、餐厅里和办公室内超过4000个哈欠。他们记录下每一次当有人打哈欠时,其身边的熟人或朋友是否也会在3分钟内打哈欠。男性和女性不由自主地打哈欠的频率差不多。但是当别人先打哈欠时,女性比男性更可能跟着打哈欠。女性在100次中大约有55次会跟着打哈欠,而男性只有40次。在同理心测试中,女性的得分往往比男性高,传统的女性社会角色(如养育子女)让这些特质更加明显。研究人员表示,这可能使女性更容易跟着他人打哈欠。在我们的现代社会,性别角色不再这么固定化——但打哈欠的差异似乎依旧存在。

原文链接:

Women are more empathetic than men, yawning study suggests

原文摘要:

As one person at the dinner table leans back, stretches, and opens their mouth in a gaping yawn, others will soon follow suit. Catching a yawn is more likely to occur between relatives than strangers, and scientists believe it’s a sign of empathy. Plus, other social primates like chimps and bonobos do it, too. A new study suggests that women (traditionally branded the more empathetic sex) might be more susceptible to copycat yawning than men. Researchers surreptitiously analyzed more than 4000 real-world yawns on planes and trains, in restaurants, and in offices. They noted when someone yawned, and then whether a nearby acquaintance or friend did the same within a 3-minute period. Men and women spontaneously yawned with about the same frequency. But when someone else yawned first, women were more likely than men to follow suit. Women picked up yawns about 55% of the time, wheras men only did so 40% of the time. Women tend to score higher than men on tests of empathy, and traditional female social roles (like child-rearing) place a higher emphasis on those traits. That might make women more attuned to others’ yawns, the researchers suggest. Gender roles aren’t as rigid in our modern society—but the yawning gap appears to linger.

来源: Science 浏览次数:0

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