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Science:麻疹是下一个被消灭的?

摘要 : 在还没有将脊髓灰质炎病毒(引起小儿麻痹症)完全消灭前,一小部消灭疾病战士渴望把下一次全球根除目标定为麻疹。

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在还没有将脊髓灰质炎病毒(引起小儿麻痹症)完全消灭前,一小部消灭疾病战士渴望把下一次全球根除目标定为麻疹。这是很是引人注目的,麻疹去年在贫穷国家造成145000名儿童丧生,更多的人变成了盲人,聋人或残废。廉价且有效的疫苗一直在货架上,众多专家小组认为根除麻疹可行,虽然艰巨,因为它是地球上最具传染性的病毒。但根除麻疹最大的障碍是小儿麻痹症,本该在2000年就消失了的。怀疑者质疑麻疹倡议像挖兔子洞一样,耗费努力却只看到它们消失在拐角处,就像对小儿麻痹症做的努力:花费了数十亿美元,近3年追逐最后几个个例的情况下依然无法根治。或许是时候认知到我们应该控制这些疾病的数目少,而不是根治。

原文链接:

Is measles next?

原文摘要:

Before the polio virus is even in the grave, a small cadre of disease fighters is itching to set the next global eradication target: measles. The case is compelling. Measles killed 145,000 children last year in poor countries and left many more blind, deaf, or disabled. A cheap and effective vaccine has long been on the shelves; numerous expert panels have deemed measles eradication feasible, although daunting—it is the most contagious virus on Earth. But the biggest obstacle to measles eradication is polio, which hasn't disappeared as it was supposed to do in 2000. Skeptics question whether a measles initiative would fall down the same rabbit hole as did the polio effort, which has spent billions of dollars and nearly 3 decades chasing the last few cases, only to see them disappear around the corner. Maybe it is time, they say, to settle for keeping measles cases really low but not trying to get to zero.

来源: Science 浏览次数:4

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