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Science:冰人奥茨的“狂野”外衣

摘要 : 二十年前,一对游客在奥地利和意大利交界处的一座高山冰川中发现了一具保存了5300年的木乃伊。

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二十年前,一对游客在奥地利和意大利交界处的一座高山冰川中发现了一具保存了5300年的木乃伊。这个冰人的绰号叫Ötzi(奥茨),出土时身穿皮革服装,背一个皮革箭袋,戴着皮毛帽子。但这些服装的材料已经老化到很难判断出其大部分来源。现在,一组科学家使用DNA测序来确定冰人身上的衣服来自哪些动物。来自九个样本的线粒体DNA表明,奥茨的装束来自五个不同物种的皮毛:山羊皮革的裤子、绵羊皮缠腰布、獐鹿皮箭袋、小牛皮鞋带、棕熊毛皮帽,和一件由山羊和绵羊皮随便混缝在一起的厚厚的大衣。研究人员今天在《科学报告》上写道,通常认为生活在奥茨所处的时代和地点的人们都是农民,所以家畜皮制成的皮装符合这一描述。熊皮和鹿皮表明冰人和他的同伴也依赖野生动物,手工加工野生动物的皮毛并制成衣服和工具。

原文链接:

Ötzi the Iceman had some wild clothes

原文摘要:

Two decades ago, a pair of tourists discovered a 5300-year-old mummy preserved in an alpine glacier on the border between Austria and Italy. The so-called Iceman, nicknamed Ötzi, was unearthed wearing leather clothing, carrying a leather quiver, and sporting a fur hat. But the materials were so degraded that it was difficult to tell wher most of them had come from. Now, a team of scientists has used DNA sequencing to determine what animals provided Iceman with his clothes. Mitochondrial DNA from nine samples showed that Ötzi’s getup consisted of hides from five different species: goat leather leggings, a sheep hide loincloth, a roe deer quiver, cattle hide shoelaces, a brown bear fur hat, and a heavy coat made of goat and sheep hides haphazardly stitched together. People from Ötzi’s time and place were thought to be farmers, so leather made of livestock skins fits in with that picture, the researchers write today in Scientific Reports. The bear and deer skins show how Iceman and his people also relied on wild animals to craft their garments and tools.

来源: Science 浏览次数:0

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